For more than a decade, researchers have been investigating the natural substances in this fruit and finding that it includes a wealth of polyphenols – compounds that can defend your body against illness and support important metabolic processes.

For instance, a report in the British Journal of Nutrition shows that consuming coffee fruit can increase your internal supply of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) — a substance crucial for the brain’s ability to form neural circuits and preserve memory functions.

Researchers believe that improving your BDNF supply may potentially lower your risk for Alzheimer’s disease, reduce your chances of depression and possibly help you avoid obsessive-compulsive disorder.

But coffee fruit’s benefits don’t stop there. According to a report in Paste, coffee fruit has a higher density of antioxidants than strawberries, blueberries, pomegranate and tea.

The origin of that wealth of nutrients derives from the fact that the coffee fruit, when it grows on the coffee plant like a husk, surrounds the coffee bean and is meant to provide the bean with the natural chemicals it would need to thrive and grow into a new plant.